All our licks use the language of jazz; an articulated and syncopated sound. Here are the basic principles, all using a slow bowing speed:
Quarter notes (UK: crotchets) are short:
Eighth notes (UK: quavers) are long, but the last one in the group is always short:
Accents are made whenever there’s a little time. With a pinch in the right hand – not with extra bow!
Start every phrase with an accent, even on an upbeat:
Using a slow bowing speed, play your beats with the down bow and off-beats with the up bow. With some jazz rhythms, this is only possible if you use ghost bows on the rests. Practise your up ghost bows:
And down ghost bows:
You could play the quarter note (UK: crotchet) example above with ghost notes like this:
Play on-beat rests with a down ghost bow, and improve the much-quoted ‘bebop’ at the end of your phrase by using an up ghost bow:
Jazz is a chromatic music style and most licks have leading notes or enclosures. Here is how to deal with them.
C Major Chordal leading notes – from below
C Major Chordal leading notes – from above
C Major Chordal enclosures
D Major Chordal leading notes – from below
D Major Chordal leading notes – from above
D Major Chordal enclosures
Focus the Bebop Rhythm on the 4th beat. Do this with resolution notes, especially. We call this pushed.
It doesn’t work on the 3rd beat: